PIGMENTATION / JHAI ON FACE
Pigmentation commonly known as JHAI is a common skin disorder. It causes change in our skin color resulting in darken spots or patches. We can witness these spots on various sites of our face like near cheekbones, eyebrows, forehead, nose, etc. The scientific term used for pigmentation leading to these dark spots is Hyperpigmentation. There are several types of it.
Now the question is why do we have pigmentation or why do we have jhai So, basically these spots or patches occur due to increase in the Melanin which is the natural pigment that gives the basic color to our skin, eyes and hair. It is the melanin which decides our skin tone and increasing in its amount at certain points leads to the darkening of that particular area. Amount of Melanin in our body can vary because of various reasons; it could be Sunburn or sun tan, hormonal issues, ageing and inflammation which could be possibly due to acne or allergies. These spots are generally harmless if they have occurred because of the above mentioned reasons but if not than these could also be signs or symptoms of some underlying medical issues or could be due to the side effects of certain medicines.
Most common reasons of pigmentation on the face
Exposure to sun acts as a major factor which adds to the risk of pigmentation. People with sun sensitive skin experience the redness of skin from acute to severe level. Intropical regions like India, excessive heat and sun rays increases the chance of sun tan or sun burn.
Another cause of pigmentation could be the inflammation or post inflammation due to acne or some injury which
Age is another major factor of pigmentation. Over a period of time our body undergoes major changes. The change could be hormonal as one experience during pregnancy, loosening of skin and blood impurities.
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